Analdo Myrtle English
- Born: 2 Mar 1849, Hartland VT
- Marriage (1): Aurabelle Gibbs
- Died: 20 May 1939
Events in his life were:
- He appeared on the 1870 census taken at Hartland VT, listed as a journeyman machinist.
- He was issued patent number 191,665 on 5 Jun 1877
ANALDO M. ENGLISH AND WILLIAM W. COVELL, OF PROVIDENCE, R. I.
IMPROVEMENT IN THE MANUFACTURE OF PLATED JEWELRY.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 191,665, dated June 5, 1877; application filed April 14, 1877.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, Analdo M. English and William W. Covell, of Providence, in the county of Providence and State of Ehode Island, have invented a new and valuable Improvement in Plated or Soft-Solder Jewelry; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction and operation of the same, reference being bad to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon.
Figure 1 of the drawings is a representation of a top view of our invention, and Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view thereof.
Our invention has relation to improvements in that class of jewelry known to the trade as "soft-solder goods."
It has long been an object in this class of jewelry to provide means whereby its outlines would be made to present that clearness and airiness of construction possessed in so marked a degree by the "shell-gold" class, in which the rim or bezel is usually soldered to a flat plate that forms the front or face of the work, and upon which the various processes of ornamentation and finishing are-carried out without forming indentations or other disfigurations upon the under side of said plate, thus leaving an even clean finish upon this side aforesaid.
In the manufacture of soft-solder goods, wherein "chasing" takes the place of engraving in ornamenting the front plate, it has heretofore been usual, in order to facilitate this operation, to fill the front or face with soft solder, to remove which is both difficult and, from the time required in so doing, inexpedient. Hence it becomes necessary to cover up the soldered surface, which is accomplished by making the work in two partsó the front and back platesó which are joined along their edges, thus completely covering up the baser metal, but at the same time causing the metal to prevent a certain clumsy, cumbrous appearance, which militates against its sale and general use, and which it is therefore very desirable to avoid.
To attain this very desirable result we have devised the following construction, a breastpin being used as an illustration of our invention:
The back plate A, which is usually and preferably of some base metal, is provided with a flange, a, at right angles to it, while the ornamented face-plate B may be of equal or greater dimensions than plate A, so that, when brought together the one upon the other, there may be a projecting edge, c, extending completely around it.
O represents a rim, or "bezel," as it is technically called in the trade, which is rigidly secured to face-plate A, and is provided with the flange d, projecting inward, as shown in Fig. 2, and overlying the flange a of the back-plate.
Usually the said rim will be inclined inward, and its outer surface will be at a bevel or acute angle with the face-plate. This latter being ornamented, by chasing or otherwise, previously to being attached to the back-plate, and being usually a plane surface, the solder may be readily and expeditiously removed, and it will lie snugly upon the back-plate, causing the whole pin to present an elegant light appearance.
In practice the rim or bezel is united to the back and face plates by soldering, the space between the flange a and the rim being completely filled up.
By this means the pin is made to present an appearance equal, in an artistic point of view, to the best shell-gold goods of the same description, and it is materially strengthened and rendered more durable.
What we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, isó
In combination with the jewelry back-plate A, having a flange, a, the ornamental or face plate B, the rim or bezel 0, having an inwardly - projecting flange, d, overlying the flange a of the back-plate, substantially as specified.
In testimony that we claim the above we have hereunto subscribed our names in the presence of two witnesses.
Analdo M. English
William W. Covell
D. W. Kimball
- He appeared on the 1880 census taken at Providence RI, listed as a toolmaker.
- He was issued design patent number 299,558 on 3 Jun 1884
CHARLES W. LORD, OF PAWTUCKET, RHODE ISLAND, AND ANALDO M. ENGLISH, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 299,558, dated June 3, 1884.
Application filed March 29, 1884.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, Charles W. Lord, of Pawtucket, in the county of Providence and State of Rhode Island, and Analdo M. English, of Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Bracelets, &c. and we do hereby declare the following specification, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, forming a part of the same, is a description thereof.
This invention consists in a bracelet or other article of jewelry having two distinct side members or pieces, which are bent transversely, so as to produce inwardly-projecting top flanges and upwardly-projecting bottom flanges, and a connecting member, which is flanged and interlocks with said side members, as hereinafter described, whereby the said parts can be attached to each other without solder, and each may be made of a different metal or substance, and an ornamental and variegated effect be produced.
The invention is applicable to bracelets, rings, breastpins, and other articles of jewelry, which it is desirable to make in box form-that is, with a wide or thick edge; but for the purpose of illustrating the invention a bracelet is chosen, which is shown in perspective at Figure 1. Fig. 2 represents a transverse section of the same on an enlarged scale. Fig. 3 shows a transverse section of a simpler form.
We are aware that bracelets have heretofore been made in which the edges of the lining member have been turned over to produce flanges to receive the face member, and we do not claim such a construction. In such bracelets the edges form a part of the lining member and cannot be made of different materials from the latter or from each other, as with our construction.
What we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
l. The combination of the two distinct edge members A B, having inwardly-projecting top flanges, a b, and upwardly-projecting bottom flanges, a b, and the intermediate member, C, having side flanges, which are interlocked with the side members, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination of the two distinct side members, A B, having inwardly-projecting flanges a b and upwardly-projecting flanges a. b, the flanged member C, interlocked with said side members, and the face member. D, substantially as set forth.
Charles W. Lord
Analdo M. English.
Arthur F. Means
Analdo married Aurabelle Gibbs, daughter of Unknown and Unknown. (Aurabelle Gibbs was born on 3 May 1851 in Sandwich MA and died on 19 Jul 1913.)