Felix Grundy Whitney
- Born: 9 Dec 1818, Attleboro MA
- Marriage (1): Catherine Jane Briggs on 5 Oct 1848 in Attleboro MA
- Died: 7 Nov 1887, Attleboro MA
Events in his life were:
- He worked circa 1845-1849 as a jeweler in North Attleboro MA in the store of H. M. Richards.
- He worked in 1849-1885 as a jeweler in Attleboro MA
- He appeared on the 1850 census taken at Attleboro MA, listed as a jeweler.
- He appeared on the 1855 census taken at Attleboro MA, listed as a jeweler.
- He appeared on the 1860 census taken at Attleboro MA, listed as a manufacturing jeweler.
- He appeared on the 1870 census taken at Attleboro MA, listed as a manufacturing jeweler.
- He appeared on the 1880 census taken at Attleboro MA, listed as a manufacturing jeweler.
- He was issued design patent number 245,594 on 9 Aug 1881
FELIX G. WHITNEY, OF ATTLEBOROUGH, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 245,594, dated August 9, 1881. Application filed June 3, 1881.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FELIX G. WHITNEY, of Attleborough, in the county of Bristol and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Ornamental Chains; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same. My invention relates to an improvement in ornamental chains of that class wherein a ball is held between the opposite sides of the separate links, each link containing one of such balls, the balls and links being usually made of metals of different color.
Heretofore in the manufacture of this class of chain the custom has been to form each link from two pieces of metal having the ends soldered together, and having the ornamental ball secured between the pieces forming the link by soldering. By this construction considerable labor and expense were required in finishing the link after the ball had been soldered in position, and it was, in such cases, impossible to remove all traces of the solder— an objectionable feature which prevented such chains from coining largely into use.
My invention consists in forming the chainlinks preferably of one piece of metal bent into the required shape, and securing the ornamental ball in position by compression, without the use of solder; and this invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which—
Figure 1 is a side view of the chain; Fig. 2, a separate view of one of the ornamental balls, and Fig. 3 a separate view of the link.
The links a a of the chain are each constructed preferably of a single piece of metal, either gold, silver, or base metal, bent into the shape desired to form a complete link. If preferred, each link maybe formed of two pieces soldered together at the ends.
b represents the ball of metal, which may be hollow or solid, as desired, and which is provided at its opposite poles with a groove, depression, or recess. 1. The ball may be composed of the same metal as the link; but the effect is heightened by using a metal of different color to form a contrast.
As ordinarily constructed the link is bent into the shape illustrated in Fig. 3, its sides being curved in opposite directions, as shown, and the effect of this peculiar form is to hold the ball by lateral pressure. When the link is bent into this shape, therefore, the grooves or recesses 11 on the opposite poles of the ball run in the same direction as the sides of the link which they are to fit. When the link is composed of one piece of metal the ball is placed between the opposite sides before the free ends are soldered, and such sides are pressed together forcibly, causing them to enter the grooves in the ball and hold them firmly. From the peculiar shape of the link it is evident that the ball can have no movement in any direction, since the link is prevented from moving in one recess by the incline on the opposite side of such link. As thus constructed no solder is necessary except to secure the free ends of the link, and this adds materially, not only to the appearance of the article, but to the cheapness with which it can be produced.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is—
1. The combination, with a chain-link, of a ball having grooves 11, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
2. The combination, with a chain-link, the sides of which are bent into opposite directions, as shown, of an ornamental ball adapted to be secured within such sides by compression, and having grooves corresponding to the direction of the sides which they are to fit.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
Felix G. Whitney
J. E. Pond, Jr.
G. K. Webster
Felix married Catherine Jane Briggs, daughter of Rufus Briggs and Nancy Rounds, on 5 Oct 1848 in Attleboro MA. (Catherine Jane Briggs was born on 26 Jun 1827 in Smithfield RI and died on 23 Jun 1886 in Attleboro MA.)